Drilling is a chip generating process to create and machine cylindrical bores in workpieces, or more generally, to create or widen (bore size increases) a hole or through-hole in a solid body.
Milling refers to a chip generating process on metals, wood or plastics by means of a milling tools. This is accomplished on special machine tools, generally on a milling machine or a machining centre. In contrast to turning, the cutting motion needed to remove chips is accomplished with a rotation of the cutting tool relative to the workpiece, which is clamped in a fixed position on the machine bed. Depending on the design, feed motions can be executed in the X, Y and Z axis (also in combinations), or along the respective axis of rotation.
Sawing is a chip generating process with circular or straight-line cutting motions. Sawing is used to cut off workpieces, to cut rods and profile material to length, to cut out openings in panels, and also to cut grooves and slots. In this case, the multi-tipped tool performs the cutting motion and the feed motion.
Sanding is a chip generating production process with multi-tipped tools, whose geometrically randomized cutting surfaces are formed by a multitude of embedded sanding elements made from natural or synthetic sanding agents. These remove the material at high speeds, typically involving discontinuous contact between the workpiece and the sanding grain.
Edge gluing with laser technology involves melting a pre-defined surface of the edge material by means of laser rays. The molten edge material penetrates the workpiece surface when the edge material is pressed against the pressure zone, forming a fully bonded contact between the workpiece and the edge material as the edge material cools. Accordingly, there is no visible gap between the workpiece and the edge material. The CO2 laser process and the diode laser process have proven to be effective for edge gluing. Both processes employ an edge material as the actual glue surface and a co-extruded functional surface made from a polymer. This functional surface is only a few tenth of a millimetre in thickness and represents the "anchor" for the edge material to the workpiece as it melts, penetrates and cools.
energy chain for vacuum fixture adjustments2
energy chain for suction elements3
Z axis - various cables to supply the tool4
Y axis - energy chain for transverse travel - control, data, motor cables and pneumatic hoses5
X axis - energy chain for longitudinal travel - control, data, motor cables and pneumatic hoses